Method for measuring bone density through the electrical conductivity calculated by Electrical Impedance Tomography
AbstractIn this paper a method to measure bone density was developed. The method consists in the measurement of electrical conductivity of bone by Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). A phantom with simulated data of bone is used, applying currents and recording voltages; then a backprojection reconstruction is used to generate maps with graphic conductivity values. The data obtained were analyzed and was obtained a distribution of electrical conductivity of bone, wich varies according to the bone porosity level in each region. A significant advantage of using this method is that is possible to measure electrical conductivity in several directions of the bone, obtaining an effective conductivity. Therefore it is possible to determine the porosity in the bone with measurements of electrical conductivity using the proposed EIT method, this allows to calculate a numerical value for bone density
Upon acceptance of an article in the RMIB, corresponding authors will be asked to fulfill and sign the copyright and the journal publishing agreement, which will allow the RMIB authorization to publish this document in any media without limitations and without any cost. Authors may reuse parts of the paper in other documents and reproduce part or all of it for their personal use as long as a bibliographic reference is made to the RMIB and a copy of the reference is sent. However written permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the corresponding author institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations.